Dachau is a town about 45 minutes from Munich which is now infamous for having been the location of the first Nazi concentration camp. The camp was established under the supervision of Heinrich Himmler on March 22, 1933 and served as the model after which many other such prisons were subsequently built. Those incarcerated in Dachau were primarily political prisioners, which constituted anyone who resisted the absolute suppression of freedom that the NS (National Socialist) regime was imposing on the population after Hitler’s election as Chancellor in January, 1933. The KZ (“Konzentrationslager,” or concentration camp) in Dachau was a slave labor camp and not a “death camp” like Auschwitz or Treblinka, in Poland, where literally millions of Jews were systematically put to death beginning in 1942.
What you will see there
The main building is now a museum which features numerous photos with captions in English. A 22-minute film in English is shown at 11:30 & 3:30, and sometimes also at 2:00. Ask about times at the desk when you arrive. On the grounds there are numerous memorials built by different churches and organizations, a reconstructed barracks, the crematorium (where bodies were burned), gas chambers (which were supposedly never put to use), the wall surrounding the camp with its ditches, barbed wire and reconstructed watch towers, the gatehaus and several other buildings.
Going on your own with Munich mass transit
NOTES: Ask the driver for a schedule before you get off or check the schedule posted at the bus stop when you arrive to plan to catch a bus back. One of the buses may not be running at all between 2:28 – 3:48.
Professionally Guided Tours
Tel: +49 (0) 89 255 43 987
Cell: +49 (0) 172 852 0660
Fax: +49 (0) 89 255 43 989